“They have made us inhuman.”

Posted: October 29, 2012 in pOstEd WeEkLY

 

click the image above to link over to a great article in Time about the N.P.A., the armed wing of the outlawed Communist Party of the Philippines.

“The creativity that I saw during the war years in Mozambique constituted a core survival strategy and a profound form of resistance to political violence,” states Carolyn Nordstrom, an established professor at Notre Dame and researcher of war, gender relationships, and war profiteering.

Terror Warfare and the Medicine of Peace by Nordstrom is an example of how war, mainly that of Mozambique’s 1976-92 war, effects the people as a whole and creates long-term suffering; being as the only solution to the pain is peace. She states in her introduction exactly how war begins: war comes into existence when violence is employed. Nordstrom goes on to discuss violence in different sphere’s of a society–political, social, etc.

In regards to war’s effect on people and their country, it is not only evident that the amount of deaths is devastating to the population as a whole, but also to the long-term effects of war embedded into the people.

Most research of the Philippines Timeline show four main phases of development to progress the state of the Philippines to where it is today: poverished with poor living quality, and high rates of illegal drug use, sex-work, and HIV/AIDS exploding.

Clean Water Makes You Dirty: Water Supply and Sanitation Behavior in the Philippines

War devastates countries both in land and among its people. The timeline includes: the Spanish phase, the American phase, the Japanese phase, and finally a somewhat post-period in which trafficking and sex tourism flourished following World War II.

The Spanish and American phases were roughly between 1542 when the Philippines were named and declared part of the Spanish Empire and 1899’s Treaty of Paris in which the Philippines were sold to the US. The Japanese invasion of the Philippines in 1941, caused extreme devastation as infants and women were taken from their homes and were often sold.

The final phase is marked by the United States giving the Philippines Independence following WWII. This phase propelled the current state of the Philippines in stigmatizing and punishing sex-workers by the power of the nation state.

 

Nordstrom, Carolyn. (2002)“Terror warfare and the Medicine of Peace” in Violence: a reader. C. Besteman (ed). Pp 273-298

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